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Timeline of John A Logan’s Life

February 9, 1826 John Alexander Logan is born at home in what is now Murphysboro, Illinois.

1847 Logan marches off to the Mexican-American War, a clerk with the First Illinois Infantry. He meets his wife, the young daughter of his commanding officer.

1849 Logan is elected Jackson County Clerk, his first public office.

1851 Logan receives Law Degree from the Louisville University and becomes the prosecuting attorney of the Third Judicial District Circuit Court. 

1852 The Fifth District elects Logan as their representative in the Illinois Legislature.

1855 Mary Cunningham says, “I do” as she and John A. Logan become life-long partners.

1858 The Ninth District elects Logan to the Federal House of Representatives.

1861 - 1865 The Civil War begins. Logan leaves his seat in the House of Representatives to become a Union Colonel. From Colonel to Major General he climbs the ranks playing a pivotal role in a dozen battles including: Belmont, Fort Donaldson, Thompson Hill, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hill, Vicksburg, Resaca, Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta and Ezra Church.

1866 After the war Logan takes part in a Memorial Day observance in Carbondale, Illinois and returns to an at-large seat in Congress as a Republican.

1868 Logan, as Commander in Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, issues Gen. Order No. 11 establishing Memorial Day as a national holiday.

1871 Logan becomes a United States Senator and moves to Chicago.

1884 Logan is nominated as the Republican Vice-Presidential Candidate; running with James Blaine from Maine, they loose to Grover Cleveland.

1885 Logan wins a third term as U.S. Senator.

December 26, 1886 John Alexander Logan dies at home in at Calumet Place in Washington D.C.